Nancy Sondel's Pacific Coast Children's Writers Workshop
16th Annual    September 28-30, 2018    Master Class to Masterpiece
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“Deborah has a keen sense of what each writer needs to improve his or her work.
She provides critiques in a manner in which they are well received.”
— Antoinette Kuritz, Literary Publicist

pencil bullet  Like our workshop, these faculty interviews focus on youth novels. To read all years’ faculty interviews, see our Directory.


Faculty Author

With many “hats” to her name, Deborah Halverson could open a boutique. Most recently, she has authored two Delacorte/Random House novels: Honk If You Hate Me (YA), and Big Mouth (mid-grade). She’s also immersed in an as-yet-untitled third novel. While not writing fiction—or simultaneously—she’s mothering male triplet toddlers.

Deborah’s resumé also includes a range of publishing experience. As a Harcourt Children’s Book editor for 10 years, she worked with renowned authors Norma Fox Mazer, Gary Soto and Eve Bunting. Besides acquiring and editing at Harcourt, Deborah wrote flap copy, positioned and marketed books, and appeared on writing panels.

Another feather in her metaphorical hat: Deborah is a teacher. She taught fiction writing at the University of California-San Diego Extension; she currently participates in school Author Visits and other events for young people—as well as for enthusiastic adults.

At the 2008 Pacific Coast Children’s Writers Workshop, you’ll meet Deborah in a seminar setting. Dive into her hands-on focus session, designed to help you polish and publish your story. Below, in our interview, enjoy a glimpse of what else awaits you: Deborah’s editor-author-teacher tips that illumine a novelist’s frequently (and not so frequently) asked questions.


There are many approaches to learning about one’s story characters, such as profiling them before writing. How do your story people reveal themselves to you?

I fear knowing too much about my characters when I start a novel. If I know too much about them, I may slip into the common trap of giving each character’s full background to readers the moment that character appears in the story—which in the case of key characters is in the opening pages. That would kill the pacing of the book. Instead, I prefer to be like my readers and learn about the characters as they talk and behave, scene by scene. So, I just write the first scene and see who shows up, then move on to the next scene, then the next, with one eye on the story’s door to see who’ll walk in.

Honk If You Hate Me by Deborah HalversonFor example, in an early scene of Honk If You Hate Me, I was writing about a nephew who came to Mona’s house as a lackey for his cameraman uncle. I thought I’d invited a 16-year-old guy to show up, intending him to be Mona’s love interest. But every time Mona opened her door, a 13-year-old boy stood there. Almost indignant, I kept deleting and rewriting, deleting and rewriting, until finally I just gave in and let the 13-year-old run amok in her house. He tripped over cables, flipped switches he wasn’t supposed to flip, and completely annoyed his hardworking uncle. Once I gave the boy a name—Burt —he was there to stay. I didn’t know Burt’s whole background until about three-quarters of the way into the story, by which time he’d become a key foil for Mona. No planning. No profiling. I just opened the door and said, “Welcome.”


Do you outline plot before you begin, or proceed mostly intuitively—or both?

I proceed intuitively, knowing where I want to start the story, where I want to end it, and understanding what key landmarks must be hit in between. I leave the details of how I’ll actually reach each landmark to work themselves out as I write. This can be scary, especially to someone who is a planner by nature. You should see the “To Do” lists in my home!

For Novel #3, I tried outlining—and found myself spending more time revising the master outline than writing the story itself. Each scene I wrote brought up unexpected (and usually desired) details that required me to revise the outline, taking into account the new twist. It stalled me greatly. For experience’s sake, I’m glad I tried outlining. But I’m even more glad that I finally chucked that outline and started the story from scratch, using the approach that had worked so well for my first two books: Write by the seat of my pants. Novel #3 is now flying along. I’m more productive when I’m afraid, I guess!

How do you track subplots, symbols, motifs? Do you use charts and index cards?

While I write, I organize in my head. But to ensure that the subplots and themes are handled consistently—don’t want to drop a plot thread for too long!—I do a separate pass of revision for each theme and subplot after the first draft is done.

That said, I’ve been known to make a chart or two. In my upcoming novel Big Mouth, the astrology theme of a secondary character got too complicated for me, a newbie to astrology concepts. So I made lists (such as the characters’ birthdates, signs and symbols). In this case, the lists freed me, so I didn’t have to burden my memory. Much like a mother who bends her parental philosophies to fit the unique personalities of each of her children, I try to be flexible with the unique needs of each story.

“As a Harcourt editor, I never truly appreciated how much of writing is about making decisions. Now, as an author, I suspect that writer’s block is as much about
decision-making as it is about lack of ideas.” — Deborah Halverson


Do you write straight through to the end of a novel, or edit heavily as you go along?  

Sometimes I edit heavily as I go, usually because I’m putting off a decision on another part of the book. I love revising, and when I’m feeling anxious about a decision, I tinker with a scene I already know is working. It makes me feel good, but it’s not productive to do this a lot. It’s fine to go back and add in something you’ve learned will be needed, but don’t keep rewriting those first pages ad nauseam. You’ll get bogged down for eternity in them, I promise. I’ve witnessed that countless times from the editorial side of the desk. Allow yourself to write the crappy draft first, going back occasionally to tack in things as you learn them, and only when the first draft is done do you go back and revise.

A Revealing “First Pages” Revision

“More than halfway into writing my in-progress Novel #3, I lopped off the entire first chapter. Ahh! The offending chapter was 24 pages—way too long for most chapters in most books, and nearly coma-inducing for the opening of a teen novel. It took me a while to let go of it, allowing it to morph into what it needed to be.” — Deborah, from her blog

Caveat: It’s okay to spend a little extra time on the first pages to get a solid feel for your character and voice. But only a little. When you write those first pages, you, like your reader, are just meeting your character. It won’t be until you reach a late point in the book, probably a point where the character has gone through some kind of extreme experience, that you’ll really know that character. So it’s better to wait until you’ve finished the whole book to go back and hone the voice and characterization — because then you’ll actually know it.

Other first-hand experiences with revision?

As an editor, I’ve recommended to countless writers that they change their manuscripts substantially. Now as a writer, I’ve taken big, bloody axes to my own manuscripts. Check out the blog posts I wrote when I hacked at Novel #2, Big Mouth (“Writing Without Training Wheels”), and again when I eviscerated Novel #3 (“Another Manuscript”). I even rewrote my Novel #1, Honk If You Hate Me, in first person after I’d finished the entire book in third person. My advice? Experiment. If it doesn’t work, you’ll fix it. My goal is to have something to fix. I’ll take broken over a safe blank page, any day.

What do you think causes writer’s block?

As a Harcourt editor, I never truly appreciated how much of writing is about making decisions. It’s scary to commit to plots, characters, even individual scenes, especially when you are in the early stages of the book. If you make the wrong decision, will you have to rewrite whole book? Will months or years of work have been for naught? Those are frightening possibilities.

I now suspect that writer’s block is as much about decision-making as it is about lack of ideas. My philosophy for managing the fear of decision-making: Like the sneaker ads say, JUST DO IT. Second-guessing will paralyze you. Yes, sometimes you’ll make a bad call. And yes, sometimes you won’t know about that bad call until much later. And then, yes, you’ll have to go back and fix it. But at least you’ll have something to go back and fix.

Deborah’s Remedies for Writer’s Block

1) Walk and exercise. It frees the mind. I do my best writing on my feet, which is why I wrote two novels when my triplets were infants—I walked them eight miles a day! Check out my blog entry, “Writing with My Feet.”

2) Imagine you’re taking a typing test. The timer is ticking and you just typed the same sentence twice! But you have to keep typing. It’s the same with writing: Even if you don’t know where the scene needs to go, type and see what lands on the screen. Go stream of consciousness and watch who walks through your story’s door. Oh, the things those characters will say when you let your hair down this way! I moved through my books scene by scene, chapter by chapter, in this manner. Before I knew it, I had written whole novels.

bullet  For an edifying, entertaining look at Deborah’s behind-the-scenes, decision-making process in creating Honk If You Hate Me, visit her blog. For juicy tips about “Epiphanies and Endings” (our 2008 workshop theme), see Deborah’s exercise on our Summer Homework page.


What do you like best about writing youth novels?

What started me writing, and what keeps me writing, is the fact that it’s fun. Oh, there are moments—say, when I’m stuck or afraid to make a decision—that writing isn’t so enjoyable, but overall, it’s a hoot. It’s a tangible, physical rush to read something I’ve just written and say, “Hey, that’s pretty funny. I came up with a good angle on that puppy. Not so awful, Deborah Jean!” and then chuck myself on the chin. Maybe that’s why I liken writing to physical exercise, and why I like to “write” while I exercise—the rush of writing is just as real to me as the adrenaline rush I get on a jog.

Halverson with triplets
Deborah with triplet sons

I adore books for kids, especially teen novels. They are a potent mix of excitement and fear, curiosity and dread, sarcasm and sincerity, all with a foundation in innocence and wonderment about life. What could be more enticing? I enjoy entertaining kids; but most importantly, having been the child who never stopped asking “Why? Why? Why?”, I relish nudging kids to question the world around them.

What do you like about teaching novel-writing? How does it differ from your former job as a Harcourt editor?

An editor points things out, questions and suggests. She shapes and moulds and positions and markets. She doesn’t spend hours teaching the writer how to make his dialogue sound more natural. A manuscript with unnatural dialogue won’t be a part of her day; she’ll reject it. Acquiring editors see countless strong manuscripts; they sign up the great ones and then develop those for the marketplace. That’s why writers attend in-depth seminars like The Pacific Coast Children’s Writers Workshop, and may hire freelance editors before submitting to acquiring editors, to raise their manuscript to the “great” level.

In contrast, as a writing coach I now get to help writers master natural dialogue. I get to teach. And boy, is it fun to be the one who sparks the light bulb over a writer’s head: “Oh! So that’s what’s meant by narrative voice! I can do that.” And, as an author in the trenches, I can take writers beyond understanding a concept to actually applying it.

What I adore most about teaching is the idea of coaching someone along, swing by swing if needed, until he or she is confident and capable enough to take cuts with the big kids. It’s very satisfying to see your hitter make solid contact. As for home runs, well, every home run king had a first hit, didn’t he? I guarantee you that when his bat hit that ball, his coach cheered louder than anyone.

“Teen novels are a potent mix of excitement and fear, curiosity and dread,
sarcasm and sincerity, all with a foundation in innocence and wonderment about life.
What could be more enticing?” — Deborah Halverson
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